Kruger National Park in South Africa

The Kruger National Park in South Africa is among the biggest game reserves not only in Africa, but the world. It covers an unlimited space of over 19 000 sq. km’s and is approximately 360 km’s in length (North to South) and roughly sixty five km’s wide (from East to West).

The place is Kruger National Park Situated?

Kruger National Park is situated in the North Eastern part of South Africa and is surrounded by the 2 South African provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga and the nations of Zimbabwe (to the north of the park) and Mozambique (to the east of the park). Thanks to its positioning along these borders the Kruger Park is now part of the Nice Limpopo Transfrontier Park. This park is made up of the Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe, and with the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique. Additionally it is known as a peace park as it promotes unity between the 3 different African countries. The park is also part of the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere space that was identified by the United Nations Training and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO) as an International Man and Biosphere Reserve.

The History of the Park

1895 – 1926

Three years before the institution of what was to develop into the Kruger National Park Jakob Louis van Wyk launched a motion to create the game reserve in the Volksraad of the old South African Republic. This motion, launched with the assistance of another Volksraad member called R. K. Loveday, was mentioned and in September 1895 by a seriousity of one vote was passed. This resulted in the creation of the Sabi Game Reserve and in the end became the Kruger National Park in 1926

1927 – 1958

The first three tourist vehicles entered the model new Kruger National Park in 1927. This was adopted by a sharp improve in vehicles and visitors over the next few years.

1959 – 1994

Throughout 1959, work started on a fence that may finally fence the whole park in. The primary stretch was laid alongside the southern boundary of the Crocodile River. This fence was completed and frequently upgraded so as to not only afford protection from illness, but also to curb the movement of poachers and international refugees.

1994 – present

Since 1994 there have been a number of changes both in the statues and operation of the park. Essentially the most significant being the inclusion of the park into the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park.

The Biodiversity of the Park

The Kruger Park currently consists of 4 principal vegetation areas:

• Thorn Timber and Red Bush-willow veld

• Knob-thorn and Marula Veld

• Red Bush-willow and Mopane Veld

• Shrub Mopane Veld

There are at present 517 species of birds discovered at Kruger, with 253 types being residents.

All of the Big Five game animals are found at the Kruger National Park. It also has more species of enormous mammals than another African Game Reserve including African Buffalo, African Wild Dogs, Rhinoceros, Zebra, Bushbuck, Cheetah, Giraffe, Kudu, Lions and Hippo’s.

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